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Introduction to Solid State Chemistry

Course Summary

This course is based on 3.091 Introduction to Solid State Chemistry, Fall 2004 made available by Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare under the Creative Commons BY-NC-SA license.
This course explores the basic principles of chemistry and their application to engineering systems. It deals with the relationship between electronic structure, chemical bonding, and atomic order. It also investigates the characterization of atomic arrangements in crystalline and amorphous solids: metals, ceramics, semiconductors, and polymers (including proteins). Topics covered include organic chemistry, solution chemistry, acid-base equilibria, electrochemistry, biochemistry, chemical kinetics, diffusion, and phase diagrams. Examples are drawn from industrial practice (including the environmental impact of chemical processes), from energy generation and storage, e.g., batteries and fuel cells, and from emerging technologies, e.g., photonic and biomedical devices. (A complete set of video/audio lectures are available including an excellent set of lecture materials)

This course was taught by Prof. Donald Sadoway in MIT as one of the courses in the Materials Science and Engineering department.

In the following video Prof. Sadoway gives an introductory lecture on this course.

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Reading Material

1. Textbook (MIT): Structure and Dynamics. 2nd ed. 3 vols
Spencer, J. N., G. M. Bodner, and L. H. Rickard. Chemistry: Structure and Dynamics. 2nd ed. 3 vols. New York: Wiley, February 22, 2002. ISBN: 9780471419211.
2. The Elements, 2nd edition
J. Emsley, The Elements, 2nd edition, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.
Compilation of physical and chemical property data for the first 105 elements.
3. Discovery of the Elements, 7th edition
M.E. Weeks, Discovery of the Elements, 7th edition, Journal of Chemical Education, Easton, PA, 1968.
Fascinating reading about the history of science.
4. Elements of the Universe
G.T. Seaborg and E.G. Valens, Elements of the Universe, E.P. Dutton & Co., New York, 1958.
Glenn Seaborg, Nobel Laureate and at the time of publication of this book Chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley, was the co-discoverer of 9 of the first 102 elements. This book is based on a series of 10 half-hour television programs made by KQED, the PBS station in San Francisco.
5. Mendeleyev’s Dream: The Quest for the Elements
Paul Strathern, Mendeleyev’s Dream: The Quest for the Elements, St. Martin’s Press, New York, 2001.
Great reading about Mendeleyev and much of the early efforts to make sense of the observed behaviors of the elements.

Course Material

1. Electron Domain Theory

2. The Big Picture

3. Early Crystallography

4. Crystallography Notation

5. Selection Rules

6. Five-Step Program

7. Defects

8. Properties of Oxide Glasses

9. Taxonomy of Hydrocarbons

Other Resources

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